Although it took me 10 months to meander through this book, this isn’t a reflection of the book’s interestingness or quality, but rather a reflection on my inability to focus. Every time I would pick this up to read a chapter over the last few months, waves of calm washed over me.
Main idea is that flow is good, harmonious, and is achieved by setting a goal that is high enough yet reachable, and expending enough energy to keep yourself occupied, and picking a goal that transcends self but complements the inner cares. And now onto another Csikszentmihalyi book: Good Business: Leadership, Flow, and the Making of Meaning.
Basic premise that we filter our consciousness already b/c there are too many stimuli, so why not create a filter that makes us happy?
“How we feel about ourselves, the joy we get from living, ultimately depend directly on how the mind filters and interprets everyday experiences.”
Once you understand how to control your filter/experiences, you must do it consistently, constantly. An exercise to combat atrophy of control.
How to improve the quality of experience:
Attention. “We create ourselves by how we invest [our attention]. Memories, thoughts, and feelings are all shaped by how we use it. And it is an energy under our control, to do with as we please; hence, attention is our most important tool in the task of improving the quality of experience.”
The elements of enjoyment:
1. Confront tasks we have a chance of completing; a challenging activity that requires skills
2. Concentrate on what we are doing; the merging of action and awareness
3. Task has clear goals
4. Task provides immediate feedback
5. Act with a deep (but effortless) involvement that removes worries & frustrations of everyday life; concentration on the task at hand
6. Task allows you to exercise a sense of control over your actions
7. Task removes the concern for the self; loss of self-consciousness
8. Task alters sense of time; the transformation of time
Autotelic experience (from Greek: auto- self, telos- goal) is a self-contained activity done not for future benefit, but b/c doing it is the reward.
Conditions of flow: transform the self by making it more complex; line between boredom and anxiety; increase the challenge (which takes you closer to anxiety), but then you increase your skills (which takes you closer to boredom)
sub=The Psychology of Optimal Experience